On Wednesday, Italy Minister of Interior, Luciana Lamorgese said the flow of migrants coming from Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria has decreased.
During a hearing at the Schengen Committee, Lamorgese added that the migrant’s flow remains ongoing from Libya (4,236), and Tunisia (1,494) since last year, but lately has decreased.
“There has been a constant downward trend since November 2021, which was strongly accentuated in March, when we recorded 437 arrivals from Libya. This is less than a third compared to March 2021, when 1,505 arrived,” she explained.
In February, Pope Francis denounced the dangerous camps in Libya, where migrants and asylum seekers are detained in unsuitable conditions.
“In Libya, there are concentration camps. It is urgent to rethink migration policy,” the Pope said in a sermon on Sunday. He called on the European Union to reach an agreement, to avoid the burden of management falling on certain countries.
The Pope recalled the tragedies of migrants crossing the Mediterranean, “which has now become a cemetery.”
Notably, an Italy court has sentenced two men to 20-year prison terms for allegedly detaining and torturing migrants in Libya. Both men, identified as citizens of Bangladesh, faced torture charges.
The two men were found guilty of holding prisoners, and torturing migrants in the Zuwara prison in Libya, according to Info Migrants news.
Some of the alleged victims accused the defendants of holding them captive and beating them for months. The pair themselves arrived in Italy on 28 May 2020, and were reportedly identified by other migrants who had stayed at the camp. They were arrested on 6 July that year.
Amnesty International urged the European Union to reverse its migration policy on Libya. It described the approach as helping return migrants to “hellish” conditions in the North African country.
In a statement, the international organization said that more than 82,000 migrants were intercepted and returned to Libya. This has been happening for the past five years, since the EU began its cooperation with Libyan authorities to block migrants from reaching European shores, according to the AFP.
“Many of those who have been returned to Libya — including women and children — are held in government-run detention centers where they suffer from abuse, including torture, rape, and extortion,” the group said. Other migrants were “forcibly disappeared.”