EU Records Over 13,00 Illegal Border Crossings


On Tuesday, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) recorded more than 13,000 cases of illegal border crossings at the external borders of the European Union in January.

In its monthly report, Frontex added that approximately 49% of the border crossings were through the West African and Western Mediterranean routes. This is a decrease compared to January 2022, due to the harsh weather conditions affecting the departures.

The agency indicated that migrants continue to leave from Tunisia, Libya, and Turkey, noting that the total number increased by half. This amounted to 4,500, despite the decrease in the percentage of arrivals, compared to the same month last year.

Earlier, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) stated that during the period between 5-11 February, 400 migrants were intercepted and returned to Libya.

So far in 2023, 1,965 migrants were returned to Libya, 32 migrants remain missing at sea, in addition to 34 deaths, the IOM added.

In January, an Italian Coast Guard official stated that 53,000 migrants arrived in Italy by sea, from Libya in 2022. This is an increase of 70% compared to 2021, according to the AKI news agency.

This was stated by Admiral Giuseppe Aulicino, Head of the Plans and Operations Department of the General Command of the Italian Coast Guard. He told a hearing of the Constitutional Affairs and Transport Committees that NGO ships operating on the Cyrenaica-Lampedusa line had rescued more than 11,000 people, 34% of who departed from western Libya.

He noted that a total of 105,000 migrants arrived by sea in 2022, an increase of 56% over the previous year. 1,401 of them departed from Algeria, and 32,000 from Tunisia, an increase of 60% compared to 2021.

Libya is a key departure point for migrants seeking to reach European shores, often in poorly-maintained vessels.

The Italian news agency, Nova reported that LNA Naval forces, in the east of the country, intercepted and returned around 3,400 migrants in the last five weeks.

“This is significant progress in combating human trafficking along the eastern Libyan route, from Cyrenaica towards Europe,” Nova said in its report.